How To Perform CPR On Adults

How to perform CPR on adults

Hands-Only CPR can potentially save a life when the clock is ticking. The body loses oxygen after a cardiac event, endangering the health of the heart and the brain. Prior to the arrival of emergency personnel who can perform more advanced medical procedures, the hands-only CPR technique helps oxygen supply and maintains heart and brain function.

Be Ready To Perform CPR

CPR comprises mouth-to-mouth breathing (rescue breaths) and chest compressions to assist the body in circulating blood and oxygen. The brain and other essential organs may live longer as a result.

When To Start The CPR Procedure

Put the CPR methods into practice only if a person is:

  • Not in their senses and is unconscious

  • Is not showing any movement or responding

  • Abnormal breathing pattern

The Correct Way Of Performing CPR On Adults

Before beginning CPR, follow the appropriate measures. (Remember the first letter of each stage by saying “doctor’s ABCD” — DRS ABCD)

D (Danger) – Ensure that the victim and everyone else in the area is secure. Don’t endanger yourself or others. 

R (Response) – Look for small responses from the patient. Shake them a little on the shoulders or try to speak to them. 

S (Send for help) – Call triple zero (000) or get someone else to call if there is no reaction. Please do not abandon the patient.

A (Airway) – Check to see if their mouth and throat are clean. If there are any evident obstructions in the mouth or nose—vomit, blood, debris, or loose teeth—remove them gently before tilting the person’s head back and lifting their chin.

B (Breathing) – After 10 seconds, observe whether the person is breathing unnaturally or not at all. If they are breathing regularly, put them in the recovery posture and remain with them.

C (CPR) – Start CPR if they are still not breathing regularly. The most crucial aspect of CPR is compressions of the chest. After dialling for assistance, begin chest compressions as quickly as you can.

D (Defibrillation) – If an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is accessible and someone else is able to bring it, attach it to the patient. If getting one would require you to abandon the patient alone, do not get any.

CPR Procedure 

There are two ways of performing CPR. Both methods can be used depending on the situation of the patient. 

Chest Compressions

  1. Kneel next to the patient as you place them on their back.

  2. The centre of the person’s chest, below the breastbone, should be touched with the heel of your hand. Interlock your fingers and place your second hand on top of the first.

  3. Maintain your posture above the chest area of the patient.

  4. Keep your arms straight and press straight down on their chest by a third of the depth using your body weight (not just your arms).

  5. Let go of the pressure. One compression is counted when you press and then release.

Mouth To Mouth CPR

  1. By putting one hand on the forehead or top of the head and the other under the chin to tilt the head back, you can help the person’s airway open.

  2. With your index and thumb, pinch the soft area of the nose shut.

  3. Use your thumb and fingers to open the person’s mouth.

  4. While inhaling, place your lips over the patient’s mouth to create a tight seal.

  5. For approximately a second, blow steadily into their lips while observing for a rise in the chest. Look for signals of air release by listening and feeling. Keep the chin raised and head tilted.

  6. Remove any obstacles from the mouth and recheck the person’s mouth if their chest does not lift. To open the airway, make sure the head is elevated, and the chin is raised. Ensure that the patient’s nose is shut so that air cannot easily escape and that your mouth and theirs are both firmly sealed. Repeat after taking another breath.

Using the “30:2” technique, perform 30 compressions and then 2 breaths. In about two minutes, try to complete 5 sets of 30:2. (if only doing compressions, about 100 – 120 compressions per minute).

Follow This CPR Technique Until

  • The patient recovers, such as by moving, breathing regularly, coughing, or talking, place them in the recovery position

  • alternatively, if you are too worn out to continue

  • When the paramedic takes control or orders you to halt when the ambulance arrives

If you are unable to administer breaths, performing compressions without halting may save a life.

Using An Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

  • Follow the instructions and connect the AED.

  • Till the AED is activated and the pads are attached, keep performing CPR.

  • The AED pads must be positioned as directed and apart from one another.

  • When administering the shock, make sure no one touches the recipient.

  • Children over the age of eight can be treated using a typical adult AED and pads. Paediatric pads and an AED with paediatric capabilities should preferably be available to children under the age of eight. Use the adult AED if these are not accessible.

  • On kids younger than one year, an AED should not be used.

CPR Training

We advise you to enrol in a first aid course. Having first aid knowledge is advantageous since it will make responding to emergencies simpler.